The American Civil Liberties Union of Indiana mounts epic struggles to ensure everyone in America gets to enjoy the rights, freedoms and liberties that the Constitution guarantees. Since our formation, we have been involved in all aspects of the struggle for racial justice across the United States.
By Jeffery Robinson, ACLU Deputy Legal Director and Director of the Trone Center for Justice and Equality
This piece was originally published at InsideSources.com.
Colin Kaepernick has not been involved in "off-field" scandals, has committed no crime, and has donated almost $1 million to community organizations over the last year, yet the former San Francisco 49ers quarterback is considered an outcast for kneeling during the national anthem.
Some say it's because football is no place for politics. Not true. Gameday at every American stadium includes people waving signs endorsing candidates and offering literature for this or against that. Singing the anthem while jets fly overhead is a political moment. On the field or in the stands, standing at attention with your hand over your heart is a political statement.
Politics at football games is as American as apple pie.
Some say kneeling for the anthem shows disrespect. Respect and love for America doesn't require blindness to America's failure to honor its promise of racial justice and equality. Does standing for the anthem mean these failures don't matter? Does standing show pride that America waited 89 years after the Civil War to acknowledge that Blacks were "good enough" to go to school with whites? How proud are we that in 2017 America's schools are just as segregated as in 1954?
Kneeling for the national anthem is not lack of support for America's successes any more than standing for the anthem is support for America's racial justice failures. As Kaepernick's 49ers teammate, Eric Reid, put it: "What Colin and Eli (Harold) and I did was peaceful protest fueled by faith in God to help make our country a better place. And I feel like I need to regain control of that narrative and not let people say what we're doing is un-American. Because it's not. It's completely American."
Kaepernick silently knelt, making no attempt to disrupt the singing of the anthem. He did not try to prevent anyone from standing. This textbook nonviolent protest is totally American.
Some say Kaepernick disrespected the military. Recognizing America's failure to achieve racial justice and equality shows no disrespect for our military. Our military heroes fight for freedom, for the principles of racial equality and justice, not for a song or a flag. We honor them most not by singing a song but by respecting the values they fight to protect.
In 1939, Mary Bethune said about Black soldiers, "We have fought for America with all of her imperfections. Not so much for what she is but for what we know she can be." Kaepernick is asking us to realize our true potential.
The anthem, after all, reflects America's early connection to white supremacy. The third verse celebrates the murder of slaves:
"No refuge could save the hireling and slave,
from the terror of flight, or the gloom of the grave.
And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth wave,
o'er the land of the free and the home of the brave."
When the anthem celebrates the murder of your ancestors, maybe it is time to remind people of American values.
In demonstration of complete ignorance of Martin Luther King Jr.'s teachings and beliefs, Clemson University's football coach Dabo Swinney claimed King would not have supported Kaepernick. Anyone with actual knowledge of what King stood for knows he would have rejoiced at a rich, Black athlete risking fame and fortune by nonviolently protesting for justice. If college athletes are being taught something different it is blasphemy, not truth.
Kaepernick isn't the first athlete to speak out, though he does it without the perils to those who came before him. John Carlos and Tommie Smith raised fists and were kicked out of the Olympics. Muhammed Ali refused to step forward in his draft line; he lost his title. Jackie Robinson was in a WWII segregated military unit and refused to stand up when he was ordered to the back of the bus, taking a court-martial instead.
Today Robinson is an American icon. No player in Major League Baseball wears number 42 — except for one day of the season when all players on all teams wear it.
Robinson wrote about his first World Series game: "There I was, the black grandson of a slave, the son of a black sharecropper, part of a historic occasion. ... As I write this 20 years later, I cannot stand and sing the anthem. I cannot salute the flag; I know that I am a black man in a white world. In 1972, in 1947, at my birth in 1919, I know that I never had it made."
Kaepernick surely had it better than the Black athletes who came before him, but there simply is no denying how pervasive racial injustice remains in our country. His critics might not want to be reminded of racial injustice while watching football, but imagine if they had to live with it.
August 24, 2016
Late yesterday The Indianapolis Star and other news media outlets reported on a police shooting of an Indianapolis man. The following statement may be attributed to ACLU of Indiana Executive Director Jane Henegar:
"The shooting yesterday by IMPD is a tragedy. Our sympathies go out to the victim and to his family. There is still much more to be learned as this investigation unfolds. In this and all such incidents, the ACLU of Indiana encourages law enforcement officials to conduct a thorough and objective investigation and to be transparent and forthcoming with releasing information to the public."
July 7, 2016
The deaths of Black men and women at the hands of police are grim reminders that race and inequality pervade every aspect of American life in a way that limits the lives of Black people and their access to the most basic rights in American society. Systemic racial issues in housing, education, environment, employment, criminal justice and income inequality persist and feed into police violence that permeate our communities.
Unfortunately, police violence against Black people occurs everywhere, including Indiana. More needs to be known, for example, about the circumstances surrounding fatal shootings of several Black men by Indianapolis police. And as we mourn the two most recent shootings in our country, Alton Sterling in Baton Rouge and Philando Castile in a Minneapolis suburb, we cannot content ourselves simply with mourning. We must rise together and say: "THIS STOPS TODAY."
This year nationally, the ACLU launched a comprehensive approach to criminal justice reform called the Campaign for Smart Justice to stop the vast expansion of a system that, over the last four decades, has ruined families and lives, wasted taxpayer dollars on methods that do not work and been rife with racial disparities. For too long, communities have been torn apart by racial profiling, police tactics such as stop-and-frisk and neighborhood sweeps that capture low-level offenders, and a lack of police accountability.
For the last four decades, this country has relentlessly expanded our criminal justice system, needlessly throwing away too many lives and trillions of taxpayer dollars.
Our nation's addiction to incarceration is unsustainable, ineffective, and inhumane.
We need better solutions to the problems our nation faces — mass incarceration is not the answer. We don't have to put up with an unproductive, wasteful criminal justice system that is dominated by racial disparities.
It's time to end the failed war on drugs, abolish mandatory minimum laws and reduce extreme sentencing for petty crimes. Let's not build any more expensive prisons — instead, let's invest in strategies that actually make communities safer.
We're at a critical moment in this country, and together, we have the chance to do better — will you pledge to be a part of the solution?