The First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution prohibits the making of any law abridging the freedom of speech. The Fourteenth Amendment, which states, "No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States..." applies these protections in the states.
In the days and weeks leading up to Super Bowl XLVI, the City of Indianapolis transformed itself from an ordinary Midwestern municipality to an urban center anticipating worldwide attention and unprecedented levels of excitement. Along with the hundreds of thousands of visitors who flooded downtown—causing retailers and restaurateurs to drool at the prospects—the transformed region presented a boon for expressive activity at the heart of the First Amendment's freedoms.
In Indiana, approximately 9,500 people were listed on the state's Sex and Violent Offender Registry in the first quarter of 2014. Indiana's sex and violent offender law requires people who have committed a wide range of offenses to register their personal information with the State for at least 10 years, or in some cases, for life.